Skip to content

Expertly Curated Budget-Friendly Platform Bed Frame Options

Budget-friendly platform bed frame options include options like the zinus sonoma metal & wood platform bed, the amazonbasics foldable metal platform bed frame, and the zinus van metal platform bed. These bed frames provide a cost-effective solution for those in need of a sturdy and stylish platform bed frame without breaking the bank.

Platform bed frames offer a minimalist and modern look to any bedroom while providing a stable and supportive base for your mattress. However, finding a budget-friendly option can be challenging without compromising on quality. Luckily, there are several affordable platform bed frame options available that are both durable and stylish.

This article explores some of the best budget-friendly platform bed frames, including the zinus sonoma metal & wood platform bed, the amazonbasics foldable metal platform bed frame, and the zinus van metal platform bed. These bed frames are not only easy on the wallet but also offer reliable support and aesthetic appeal, making them ideal choices for those seeking affordability without sacrificing quality or style.

Expertly Curated Budget-Friendly Platform Bed Frame Options

Credit: www.prnewswire.com

Table of Contents

Why Choose A Platform Bed Frame?

Platform bed frames have become increasingly popular in recent years, and for good reason. They offer a range of benefits that make them a compelling choice for both budget-conscious shoppers and those looking to create a stylish and functional bedroom space.

Below, we’ll explore some of the key reasons why you should consider a platform bed frame for your bedroom:

Minimalist Design And Versatility:

  • Platform bed frames are known for their sleek and minimalist design, making them perfect for modern and minimalist bedroom aesthetics.
  • They come in a variety of styles and finishes, allowing you to find the perfect match for your personal taste and existing bedroom decor.
  • With their clean lines and simple construction, platform bed frames can easily be incorporated into any bedroom theme or design scheme.

Space-Saving Features:

  • One of the biggest advantages of platform bed frames is their space-saving design. Unlike traditional bed frames that require a box spring or foundation, platform beds have a built-in slat system that eliminates the need for additional support.
  • This means that platform beds have a lower profile, making them ideal for rooms with low ceilings or limited space.
  • The space beneath the bed can also be utilized for storage purposes, with many platform bed frames offering built-in drawers or the option to add under-bed storage containers.

Enhanced Mattress Support:

  • Platform bed frames provide excellent support for your mattress, ensuring a comfortable and restful night’s sleep.
  • The slat system on a platform bed frame offers optimal mattress support, eliminating the need for a box spring or foundation.
  • This not only improves the overall comfort of your bed but also helps to prolong the lifespan of your mattress.

Easy Assembly And Maintenance:

  • Platform bed frames are known for their ease of assembly. With their simple and straightforward construction, they can usually be assembled in a matter of minutes without the need for any specialized tools.
  • Additionally, maintaining a platform bed frame is a breeze. Unlike traditional bed frames with complex frames or intricate detailing, platform bed frames can be easily cleaned and maintained with regular dusting and occasional wiping down.

Platform bed frames offer a range of advantages that make them a smart choice for anyone looking to create a budget-friendly and stylish bedroom. With their minimalist design, space-saving features, enhanced mattress support, and easy assembly and maintenance, platform bed frames provide the perfect blend of functionality and style for your sleep sanctuary.

Factors To Consider When Choosing A Platform Bed Frame

Budget-Friendly Platform Bed Frame Options

Are you on the hunt for a new platform bed frame that won’t break the bank? Look no further! We’ve curated a list of budget-friendly options that offer both style and functionality. But before you make a decision, there are a few key factors you should consider.

Let’s dive in and explore these important aspects together.

Size And Dimensions

When choosing a platform bed frame, size and dimensions play a crucial role. Consider the following points:

  • Determine the available space in your bedroom: Measure the area where you plan to place the bed frame. This will help you choose the right size that fits perfectly without overcrowding the room.
  • Consider the mattress size: Ensure that the bed frame is compatible with your mattress size, whether it’s twin, full, queen, or king. Sizing compatibility is vital to achieve optimal comfort.

Material And Durability

The material used in constructing the platform bed frame affects both its aesthetics and durability. Here’s what to keep in mind:

  • Consider your preferred material: Platform bed frames are available in various materials, including wood, metal, and upholstery. Each material offers different advantages and appeals to different design preferences.
  • Assess durability: Look for bed frames made from sturdy materials that can withstand regular use. Opt for solid wood or metal frames, as they tend to be more durable and long-lasting.

Style And Aesthetics

Your bedroom’s overall style and aesthetic should be taken into account when selecting a platform bed frame. Here are some style considerations:

  • Choose a design that complements your existing decor: Whether you prefer a modern, rustic, or traditional look, there are bed frames to match any style. Consider the overall feel of your room and select a bed frame that enhances its visual appeal.
  • Explore various finishes and colors: Bed frames come in a range of finishes, such as natural wood tones, painted options, or metal finishes. Decide on a finish that harmonizes with your desired bedroom aesthetics.

Weight Capacity And Stability

For a platform bed frame that stands the test of time, weight capacity and stability are essential factors to consider. Take note of the following:

  • Check the weight capacity: Consider the maximum weight the bed frame can support. Ensure it can accommodate not just your weight but also the weight of your mattress and any additional accessories you may have.
  • Assess stability features: Look for bed frames that have additional support legs or sturdy platforms to enhance stability. This will contribute to a more solid and secure sleeping experience.

Now that you are equipped with these insights, you can make an informed decision when choosing the perfect budget-friendly platform bed frame. Happy shopping and enjoy your new sleeping haven!


Solid Wood Platform Bed Frames

Durability And Longevity

Solid wood platform bed frames are known for their exceptional durability and longevity. These bed frames are made from high-quality, solid wood materials that are built to withstand the test of time. Here are the key points to consider:

  • Solid wood frames are sturdy and can handle heavy weight without sagging or warping over time.
  • The natural properties of wood make it resistant to wear and tear, ensuring that your bed frame will stay in great condition for years to come.
  • Unlike bed frames made from other materials like metal or particle board, solid wood frames are less likely to break or develop structural issues.

Variety Of Wood Options

One of the major advantages of solid wood platform bed frames is the wide variety of wood options available. Here are some key points to consider:

  • You can choose from a range of wood types such as oak, maple, cherry, walnut, and more, allowing you to find a bed frame that matches your personal style and preferences.
  • Each wood type has its own unique characteristics, such as grain patterns and colors, giving you the opportunity to customize the look of your bed frame.
  • Whether you prefer a light, airy feel or a rich, dark appearance, there is a wood option for everyone.

Eco-Friendly And Sustainable

Solid wood platform bed frames are an eco-friendly choice for your bedroom. Here are the key points to consider:

  • Wood is a renewable resource, making solid wood bed frames a sustainable option.
  • Choosing a bed frame made from sustainable wood sources helps reduce deforestation and promote responsible forestry practices.
  • Solid wood frames are also free from harmful chemicals and toxins that can be found in some other types of bed frames, making them a healthier choice for you and the environment.

Enhanced Support And Stability

When it comes to support and stability, solid wood platform bed frames excel. Here are the key points to consider:

  • Solid wood frames provide a strong and stable foundation for your mattress, ensuring proper support and alignment for a comfortable sleep.
  • The sturdy construction of solid wood frames helps prevent squeaking and creaking noises that can be common with other types of bed frames.
  • The weight distribution on a solid wood frame is more evenly spread, reducing the risk of sagging or indentations in your mattress.

Solid wood platform bed frames offer durability and longevity, a variety of wood options to suit your style, eco-friendly and sustainable materials, and enhanced support and stability for a better sleeping experience. Upgrade your bedroom with a solid wood platform bed frame and enjoy the benefits for years to come.

Metal Platform Bed Frames

Modern And Sleek Design

  • Metal platform bed frames offer a modern and sleek design that adds a touch of sophistication to any bedroom.
  • With clean lines and a minimalist aesthetic, these bed frames bring a contemporary look to your sleeping space.

Lightweight And Easy To Move

  • One of the key advantages of metal platform bed frames is their lightweight construction, making it easier to move and relocate them as needed.
  • Whether you’re rearranging your bedroom layout or moving to a new home, these bed frames won’t weigh you down.

Affordable Options

  • Metal platform bed frames are known for their affordability, offering a budget-friendly alternative to other types of bed frames.
  • With various options available at different price points, you can find a metal platform bed frame that suits your budget without compromising quality or style.

Excellent Durability And Strength

  • When it comes to durability and strength, metal platform bed frames excel.
  • Made from sturdy materials like steel or iron, these frames are built to withstand the test of time, providing long-lasting support for your mattress.

Versatility In Design And Style

  • Metal platform bed frames come in a wide range of design options, allowing you to find the perfect match for your bedroom decor.
  • From classic and timeless designs to more contemporary and sleek styles, there’s a metal platform bed frame to suit every taste.

Noise-Free Sleeping Experience

  • Metal platform bed frames are often praised for their ability to minimize noise and squeaks during sleep.
  • With their stable construction and secure fit, these frames ensure a quiet and peaceful sleep experience, free from any disturbances.

Easy Assembly And Maintenance

  • Metal platform bed frames are typically straightforward to assemble, with no need for additional tools or extensive diy skills.
  • Additionally, they require minimal maintenance, making them a convenient choice for those seeking a hassle-free bed frame option.

Wide Range Of Size Options

  • Metal platform bed frames are available in various sizes, including twin, full, queen, and king, allowing you to find the perfect fit for your mattress and bedroom space.
  • Whether you have a small guest room or a spacious master bedroom, you can find a metal platform bed frame that suits your needs.

Increased Under-Bed Storage Space

  • Many metal platform bed frames feature additional space underneath, providing valuable storage options for items such as bedding, shoes, or seasonal clothing.
  • This extra storage space can help you maximize your bedroom’s functionality and keep it organized and clutter-free.

Enhances Mattress Support And Comfort

  • Metal platform bed frames offer excellent support for your mattress, preventing sagging and ensuring maximum comfort throughout the night.
  • The sturdy construction and even distribution of weight provided by these frames help prolong the lifespan of your mattress and improve your sleep quality.

Eco-Friendly And Sustainable Choice

  • Opting for a metal platform bed frame can also align with your eco-friendly values, as metal is a recyclable material.
  • By choosing a bed frame made from metal, you contribute to sustainable practices and reduce your environmental footprint.

Remember, when it comes to finding a budget-friendly, durable, and stylish bed frame option, metal platform bed frames check all the boxes. With their modern design, lightweight construction, and affordable price points, they provide an excellent choice for those seeking both aesthetics and functionality.

So, why not upgrade your bedroom with a sleek and sturdy metal platform bed frame today?

Upholstered Platform Bed Frames

Stylish And Luxurious Appearance

Platform bed frames with upholstered designs offer a stylish and luxurious appearance to any bedroom decor. The fabric-covered frame adds a touch of sophistication and elegance, instantly elevating the overall aesthetic of the room. Here are some key points to consider:

  • Upholstered platform bed frames feature a sleek and modern design that complements various interior styles, from contemporary to traditional.
  • The fabric upholstery creates a soft and gentle feel, adding warmth and comfort to your sleeping space.
  • These bed frames often come with decorative details, such as button tufting or nailhead trim, which adds a touch of elegance and sophistication.
  • The upholstery material is available in various options, including linen, velvet, or faux leather, allowing you to choose the one that suits your personal style and preferences.

Comfortable And Padded Headboard

One of the significant advantages of upholstered platform bed frames is the presence of a comfortable and padded headboard. Here’s why you should consider this feature:

  • The padded headboard provides a plush and cozy surface to lean against while reading or watching tv in bed.
  • It offers extra support and cushioning, making it more comfortable to sit up in bed and relax.
  • The padding absorbs any noise or vibrations, ensuring a peaceful and undisturbed sleeping environment.
  • The headboard’s upholstery adds an extra layer of insulation, preventing drafts from cooling your head.

Soft Fabric Options Available

Upholstered platform bed frames come with a wide range of soft fabric options, allowing you to personalize your bedroom’s style and texture. Consider the following:

  • Linen upholstery: Linen is a popular choice for its lightweight and breathable nature, making it ideal for warm climates.
  • Velvet upholstery: Velvet offers a plush and luxurious feel, with its soft and smooth texture creating a cozy atmosphere.
  • Faux leather upholstery: Faux leather provides a sleek and contemporary look, mimicking the appearance of genuine leather at a more affordable price point.
  • Other fabric options: There are various other fabric options available, such as microfiber, cotton, or polyester blends, each offering different levels of durability and comfort.

With the variety of fabric options, you can select the one that best suits your personal preferences and enhances the overall ambiance of your bedroom.

Upholstered platform bed frames not only provide a stylish and luxurious appearance but also offer the comfort of a padded headboard and a range of soft fabric options to choose from. With their versatile style choices, they are a budget-friendly option that can transform your bedroom into a cozy and elegant retreat.

Platform Bed Frames With Storage

A platform bed frame with storage is a fantastic option for those seeking both functionality and style. These bed frames not only provide a comfortable sleeping surface but also offer extra space to keep your bedroom organized and clutter-free. Whether you have a smaller bedroom or simply want to maximize storage, platform bed frames with storage are an excellent choice.

Let’s explore the key benefits of these versatile bed frames:

Drawers And Compartments For Extra Storage:

  • These bed frames are designed with built-in drawers and compartments that provide ample storage space.
  • You can easily stow away extra bedding, seasonal clothes, or other items that often create clutter in your bedroom.
  • The drawers are typically located underneath the bed, effectively utilizing the otherwise wasted space.
  • This convenient storage solution allows you to keep your essentials within reach, making your morning routine a breeze.

Maximizing Space In Smaller Bedrooms:

  • Platform bed frames with storage are a game-changer for smaller bedrooms that lack sufficient storage options.
  • By eliminating the need for additional dressers or chests, these bed frames help you make the most of your limited space.
  • The storage compartments are a smart way to declutter and keep your belongings organized without sacrificing valuable floor space.
  • With a well-organized bedroom, you can create an open and airy atmosphere, making your space feel larger and more inviting.

Organization And Decluttering Solutions:

  • One of the biggest advantages of platform bed frames with storage is their ability to provide effective organization solutions.
  • You can say goodbye to messy piles of clothes or stacks of shoes by utilizing the storage drawers and compartments.
  • These bed frames offer a designated space for all your belongings, making it easier to maintain a tidy and clutter-free bedroom.
  • You’ll no longer have to dig through a chaotic closet or rummage through overflowing drawers as everything will be neatly stored within easy reach.

Convenient And Functional Design:

  • Platform bed frames with storage are not just practical, but they also feature stylish and functional designs.
  • They come in a variety of materials, colors, and finishes to suit your personal style and match your existing bedroom decor.
  • The drawers and compartments are typically designed to glide smoothly, providing easy access to your stored items.
  • Some bed frames even come with additional features like built-in headboards or shelves, adding extra functionality and charm to your bedroom.

Platform bed frames with storage offer a perfect blend of style and functionality, making them an ideal choice for any bedroom. With their smart design and efficient storage solutions, you can maximize space, declutter your surroundings, and create a well-organized oasis.

Upgrade your bedroom with a platform bed frame with storage for a budget-friendly and convenient storage solution.

Folding And Portable Platform Bed Frames

Perfect For Guest Rooms Or Frequent Movers

If you have a guest room or frequently move your furniture around, folding and portable platform bed frames are a perfect option for you. These bed frames offer convenience and flexibility, allowing you to set up a comfortable bed whenever you need it and easily store it away when not in use.

Here are some key points about folding and portable platform bed frames:

  • Easy to fold and store: These bed frames are designed with collapsible frames that make folding and storing them a breeze. When you need to clear up space in your guest room or move to a new place, simply fold the bed frame and tuck it away.
  • Lightweight and compact: One of the main advantages of folding and portable platform bed frames is their lightweight and compact design. They are typically made from lightweight materials such as metal or wood, making them easy to carry and transport.
  • Ideal for limited space: Whether you live in a small apartment or have limited space in your guest room, folding and portable platform bed frames are an ideal solution. They take up minimal space when folded and can be easily stored in a closet or under a bed.

Folding and portable platform bed frames are a fantastic option for guest rooms or for those who frequently move. With their easy folding and storage capabilities, lightweight design, and suitability for limited spaces, these bed frames offer convenience and versatility.

Say goodbye to bulky and space-consuming traditional bed frames and embrace the convenience of folding and portable platform bed frames.

Diy Platform Bed Frame Ideas

Cost-Effective And Customizable

When it comes to choosing a platform bed frame, one of the most enticing options is to go the diy route. Not only is it a cost-effective solution, but it also allows you to customize the design according to your preferences.

Here are some key points to consider:

  • Opting for a diy platform bed frame can save you a significant amount of money compared to buying a pre-made one from a furniture store.
  • You have the freedom to choose the materials and finishes that fit your style and budget. Whether it’s natural wood, reclaimed lumber, or even repurposed materials, the possibilities are endless.
  • Personalizing the design allows you to create a unique piece that perfectly complements your bedroom decor.
  • Diy platform beds offer the flexibility to adjust the measurements to fit your specific mattress size and room dimensions.
  • You can also incorporate additional features like built-in storage drawers or creative headboard designs. Let your imagination run wild with the endless customization options available.

Creative And Unique Designs

When it comes to diy platform bed frames, the sky’s the limit when it comes to creativity and uniqueness. Here are some inspiring ideas to consider:

  • Rustic charm: Use reclaimed barn wood or pallets to create a rustic platform bed frame that adds warmth and character to your space.
  • Minimalist elegance: Embrace simplicity with a sleek and minimalist platform bed design using clean lines and a neutral color palette.
  • Industrial chic: Combine metal pipes and fittings with wood to achieve an industrial-inspired bed frame that exudes modern appeal.
  • Upholstered comfort: Add a touch of luxury by upholstering the headboard or the entire bed frame with your choice of fabric for a cozy and inviting look.
  • Canopy allure: Create a dreamy atmosphere by incorporating a canopy into your platform bed design, transforming your sleeping area into a cozy oasis.

Step-By-Step Instructions

If you’re ready to take on the challenge of building your own platform bed frame, here’s a step-by-step guide to help you through the process:

  • Gather your materials: Determine the size and style of bed frame you want and gather all the necessary materials, including wood, screws, a drill, and sandpaper.
  • Measure and cut: Measure and mark the dimensions for your platform bed frame. Cut the boards according to your measurements using a saw.
  • Assemble the frame: Begin by building the base frame and secure the corners with screws. Add support beams across the frame for additional stability.
  • Attach the slats: Lay the slats evenly across the base frame, leaving a small gap between each one for ventilation. Secure them in place with screws or brackets.
  • Sand and finish: Once the frame is fully assembled, sand the surfaces to smooth out any rough edges. Apply a finish of your choice to protect the wood and enhance its appearance.
  • Set up your mattress: With the platform bed frame complete, place your mattress directly on top or add a box spring for added height and support.
  • Enjoy your diy masterpiece: Admire your handiwork and revel in the satisfaction of having built your very own platform bed frame.

Recycling And Upcycling Options

If you’re looking for a budget-friendly and eco-friendly alternative to traditional platform bed frames, consider recycling and upcycling options. Here are a few ideas to get you started:

  • Pallet bed frame: Repurpose wooden pallets by disassembling them and using the planks to build a unique and rustic platform bed frame.
  • Vintage door bed frame: Transform an old door into a headboard or use two doors as the supports for your platform bed frame, giving it a charming vintage touch.
  • Repurposed materials: Salvage materials from old furniture or construction sites and repurpose them to construct a one-of-a-kind platform bed frame. Get creative with materials like metal pipes, reclaimed wood, or even old window frames.

By embracing these recycling and upcycling options, not only will you be saving money, but you’ll also be doing your part for the environment by giving new life to old materials.

Remember, diy platform bed frames offer a cost-effective and customizable solution that allows you to express your creativity. With the right materials, tools, and a dash of imagination, you can create a unique and stylish piece that suits your personal style and budget.

So why not embark on this exciting diy project and enjoy the satisfaction of sleeping on a bed frame that you built yourself?

Tips For Buying A Budget-Friendly Platform Bed Frame

Set A Budget And Stick To It

Setting a budget is essential when shopping for a budget-friendly platform bed frame. Here are some tips to help you set and stick to your budget:

  • Determine how much you are willing to spend on a platform bed frame. Consider your overall bedroom budget and allocate a portion of it specifically for the bed frame.
  • Research the average price range for platform bed frames. This will give you a rough estimate of what you can expect to pay.
  • Keep in mind that while it’s important to stay within your budget, you should also consider the quality and durability of the bed frame. Don’t compromise on these factors just to save a few dollars.
  • Explore different options within your budget. There are plenty of affordable bed frames available in the market. By comparing prices and features, you can find the best value for your money.

Compare Prices And Features

When buying a budget-friendly platform bed frame, it’s crucial to compare prices and features to ensure you’re getting the best deal. Here’s what you should consider:

  • Research various retailers and online platforms to compare prices. Don’t limit yourself to just one store; explore multiple options to find the best deal.
  • Take note of the bed frame’s features. Does it have a sturdy construction? Is it made of high-quality materials? Look for bed frames that offer good value and durability within your budget.
  • Consider any additional features or accessories that come with the bed frame, such as a headboard or storage drawers. These can add convenience and functionality to your bedroom.
  • Don’t forget to factor in the cost of shipping or delivery when comparing prices. Sometimes, a slightly higher-priced bed frame from one retailer may end up being cheaper overall when you consider the delivery charges.

Read Customer Reviews And Ratings

One of the best ways to evaluate the quality and performance of a budget-friendly platform bed frame is by reading customer reviews and ratings. Here’s why it’s important:

  • Customer reviews provide valuable insights into the overall satisfaction of previous buyers. Look for bed frames with positive reviews and high ratings.
  • Pay attention to specific mentions of the bed frame’s sturdiness, durability, and ease of assembly. These factors are crucial in determining the value and longevity of the product.
  • Be cautious of any common complaints or recurring issues mentioned in the reviews. This can help you identify potential drawbacks or limitations of the bed frame.
  • Look for reviews from customers who have a similar mattress type or weight. This will give you a better understanding of how well the bed frame performs for your specific needs.

Consider Sales And Promotions

To maximize your savings when buying a budget-friendly platform bed frame, it’s worth considering sales and promotions. Here’s what you should keep in mind:

  • Keep an eye out for seasonal sales, such as black friday or cyber monday. Many retailers offer significant discounts during these periods, allowing you to snag a great deal on a bed frame.
  • Subscribe to newsletters or follow retailers on social media to stay updated on any upcoming sales or promotions.
  • Consider purchasing during clearance sales or when retailers are clearing out last season’s inventory. You may find discounted prices on bed frames that are still of excellent quality.
  • Don’t forget to check for any additional discounts or coupon codes. Some retailers offer promotional codes that can further reduce the price of the bed frame.

By following these tips, you can make an informed decision when buying a budget-friendly platform bed frame. Remember to set a budget, compare prices and features, read customer reviews, and consider sales and promotions to find the perfect bed frame that meets both your needs and your budget.

Frequently Asked Questions Of Budget-Friendly Platform Bed Frame Options

What Is A Platform Bed Frame?

A platform bed frame is a low-profile bed frame that provides support for the mattress without the need for a box spring.

How Much Weight Can A Platform Bed Frame Hold?

Platform bed frames can typically support a weight capacity ranging from 500 to 1000 pounds, depending on the specific model and construction.

What Are The Advantages Of A Budget-Friendly Platform Bed Frame?

Budget-friendly platform bed frames offer cost-effective solutions for those looking to furnish their bedrooms without breaking the bank. They are stylish, durable, and easy to assemble.

Are Platform Bed Frames Good For Taller Individuals?

Yes, platform bed frames are suitable for taller individuals as they provide ample space underneath the bed, allowing for comfortable legroom.

What Materials Are Used In Budget-Friendly Platform Bed Frames?

Budget-friendly platform bed frames are commonly made from wood, metal, or a combination of both. These materials ensure sturdiness and longevity.

Can Platform Bed Frames Be Used With Any Mattress Type?

Yes, platform bed frames are compatible with various mattress types, including memory foam, hybrid, latex, and innerspring mattresses.

How Do I Choose The Right Size Of Platform Bed Frame?

To ensure a perfect fit, measure the dimensions of your mattress and refer to the manufacturer’s recommendations for selecting the appropriate size of a platform bed frame.

Conclusion

Finding a budget-friendly platform bed frame doesn’t mean compromising on style or quality. With the variety of options available, it’s possible to find a bed frame that suits your taste and fits your budget. Whether you prefer the sleek and modern look or the rustic and farmhouse style, there are affordable options out there for you.

Look for bed frames made of durable materials, such as solid wood or metal, that offer stability and longevity. Consider the design features, such as built-in storage or adjustable headboards, that can add functionality to your bed frame. And don’t forget to read reviews and compare prices to ensure you’re getting the best deal.

By following these tips, you can find a budget-friendly platform bed frame that will elevate your bedroom décor without breaking the bank.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *